James Langellotti and Elizabeth Festa ~ 1940
Update on locating anything on the Vincenzo Civitano murder 1909: I have been checking back with the Lloyd Sealy Library site at John Jay College of Criminal Justice Criminal Trial Transcripts of New York County Collection (1883 – 1927) Sadly the site is still down for maintenance. I am continuing to use the alternative temporary site but it is slow going and I miss quite a bit.
While working on a side genealogy project for a friend I came across the name of Anthony Stabile – bells went off, a quick flip of notes and I found one of the first cases I had looked at with the defendant named Vincent Stabile. Wondering if there was a possible connection, I hit the rabbit trail at full speed and slid down into one of the most interesting finds I thought totally blog worthy.
Checking back at newspapers.com, New-York Tribune (New York, New York) . 12 Mar 1910, Sat . Page 16 just below an article for Vincent Stabile the heading read:
MARY CAUGHT AGAIN
Taught Shoplifting Years Ago and Practices it at Seventy
I just had to read it:
ok, so “back in the old days in 1885”, she was a teacher in Mme. Mandelbaum’s school for shoplifters, thats all I needed to continue with this story.
The year of the article is 1910 and Mary Wilson was 70, which made her about 25 when she was a ‘shoplifter’ teacher. Mme is the french abbreviation for madam which led to a deeper dive into the hole ~ Madam Mandelbaum, who was she? It wasn’t long before I had a good picture of just who she was. I found articles mentioning her from New York to Chicago, Illinois, Missouri and Kansas and even Ohio. She crossed the border and was known and sheltered in Canada and continued to run her enterprises there and in the states. I read countless articles from the late 1800’s into early 1900’s detailing arrests and stories behind the ‘fences’ of Mandelbaum caught and sentenced.
According to The Leavenworth Times (Leavenworth, Kansas) . 24 Jan 1895, Thu . page 3 “Mme. Mandlebaum probably the most famous purveyor of stolen goods in the United States at that time. This woman became the recognized leader and queen of Gotham shoplifters and thieves and in fact purchased stolen goods form all over the east.
I read about Sophie Lyons “Queen of Female Criminals” from the St. Louis Globe-Democrate (St. Louis, Missouri) 22 Jun 1896, Mon . Page 4
Isn’t that wonderful “somber in widow’s weeds, her still handsome face hidden by and impenetrable black veil”
The article goes on to give credit Mme, Mandelbaum, The Queen of Fences, for this Queen of Criminals being a protege of Mandelbaum.
The most complete historical look into the life of Mme. Mandlebaum came from The San Francisco Examiner (San Francisco, California) . 03 Aug 1884, Sun . Page 8
The article went on to read
Fredericka Mandelbaum was born in 1818, Kassel, Germany and died Feb. 1894 Toronto, Canada
There are countless numbers of books, articles and photo’s of Mandelbaum if you care to read further about this woman. A simple google search is all that’s needed. I think what I loved most about my trip down the hole was the colorful writing of the reporters of this time frame. This won’t be my last trip down the rabbit hole, that is for sure.
Francesco Civitano and Rosina DiArmiento ~ abt 1908
Domenick Caso and Rose Haughey ~ 1924
Julia (Giuditta) Civitano & Nicholas Forese
Solve your genealogy mystery!
Who would have thought while continuing my research into the identity of the killer of my great grandfather Vincenzo Civitano (an ice delivery man) on Oct 12, 1909, I would discover a 2nd murder of another Civitano ice man on Jan 25, 1923 in Bayonne, New Jersey.
Using genealogybank ( https://www.genealogybank.com ) this morning I put in a general search for civitano looking for anything in the early 1900’s – anything that might warrant a second look and with over 200 hits I went to work.
The Headline that grabbed me read:
ICE-DEALER SLAIN ON STREET AFTER MEETING
Jersey Journal/Thursday, Jan 25, 1923/Jersey City, NJ/Page:1
My inital thought in seeing this headline was: could this be related, possibly a follow up article for the release of the assailant back in 1909? It was not. It was for the murder of another Civitano in the ice business.
Anthony ‘Tony’ Civitano
murdered at the age of 22
68 W. Twenty Second St., Bayonne, N.J.
I had seen the name of the assailant before while combing the list of trial transcripts on the Lloyd Sealy Library site a few days prior. After learning the murder was 1923 and a gun had been used and it was not a stabbing; I had put it on my to do list to research which had now grown to 7 homicides, with 3 I have since been able to eliminate. (https://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/content/list-all-trial-transcripts )
The fact that I learned he was another ‘ice delivery man’ had my interest more than peeked.
I quickly found more articles in the Jersey Journal and went about reading them all.
“A strong police net has been spread across the entire Atlantic coast every railroad station is being guarded and all the alleged murderer’s friends is being kept under constant surrveilance by the Bayonne police in an effort to capture Mario Sforza, 34 years old of 86 W. Twenty-second St. who is charged yesterday with shot and killed Tony Civitano, 22, of 68 W. Twenty-second St. during an argument regarding the merits of a new ice company to be formed to furnish the local peddlers with this commodity. The police are absolutely with out any clues as to Sforza’s whereabouts.”
The article goes on to give more details as to what led up to this event. In additiona number of other articles helped fill out the details of this crime. A meeting of ice men was held at the law offices of Harry Scala at 501 Ave C. It seems ‘Tony’ along with one or two other men objected to this new accompany and did not agree with Sforza’s who was strongly in favor of it. Further articles allege that after the meeting, ending at midnight, and after drinking at a friends home, the 2 men along with a man named Pietro Mariano stood outside arguing. Pietro got tired of this and began for home when he heard 4 shots fired, turned and saw Civitano collapse and Sforza running away. 3 shots struck Civitano, 1 into his spine, another went through the window of a nearby bakery. The police arrived and found Mariano leaning over Civitano’s body. Initially a suspect, Civitano was able to finger Sforza as his assailant before he died. The only lead seemed to be for finding Sforza was a young wife and baby who they hoped he would try and contact.
The full headline of the Jersey Journal/Saturday, Feb 10, 1923/Jersey City, NJ/Page:8
MAN WANTED IN BAYONNE MURDER CASE CAUGHT IN NEW YORK
I also found a follow up article which appeared almost a year to the day of the murder of Anthony Civitnao which made headlines in the Jersey Journal on Feb 21, 1924. His mother, Rose Civtano was awarded a judgement of $5000 in this case. The article states that civil damages against a slayer is very rare and that this is a first of its kind. It appears that Mario Sforza owned property which might be levied to satisfy the judgement.
But who was Anthony ‘Tony’ Civitano? What if any was his relationship in and to our Civitano family branches. The only other bit of information from the articles found was that Rose, his mother was widowed and that she lived in West New York. Anthony’s birth year would be about 1900/1901, with his age being reported as 22 and 23.
I have been unable using Ancestry and familysearch, to locate or identify who his family could be. The only lead I have is a 1910c for the family of Vincenzo b. 1857, Civitano/Civilano/Cirilano wife Rosalia b. 1862, sons Salvatore b. 1894, John b. 1896, Agusto b. 1899, James b. 1900, Drato b. 1903 and daughter Maria b. 1906
In this census below from ancestry.com I see son John – distinctive, below him Agusto and below him indexed as James, I am wondering if this could be our “Tony”. The J is not the same as in John. I am seeing a T – with the stretch of my imagination am I seeing Tonie? – the age would be right. Thoughts on this are welcome and would be appreciated 🙂 This census is the only record I could find for this family. I could use some help. I was trying to locate a death record as well for Vincenzo to see if Rosalia was a widow by 1923.
**Below I have edited the original post and added two additional census page showing the letter T written by this enumerator.
Mario was sentenced to 20 years but by 1940 he had been released. I was able to find him in the 1930c as a prisoner in the New Jersey State Prison. In 1940 he was living as a lodger with a Carmen Del Russo at 1291 Newkirk St., East Orange, N.J.. Mario was working as a laborer with the water company and he was listed as still married. Exactly how long he served is hard to tell. Below is Mario’s WW1 registration card (ancestry.com) I was interested in his birth location. Altamura is about 18 miles from our home village of Grumo Appula, Italy. This along with the ice and coal business leads me to wondering if there could be a connection between all this.
While I could not find any burial information for Anthony Civitano, I did locate Mario’s records. He died November 21, 1959 and is buried at the Beverly National Cemetery.
I am left with still wondering the connection between Anthony Civitano’s family and ours. Who was his family and where and what happened to them? But more importantly, while we have a trail to his assailant we are left with out one for him at this time. We remember and say to him and his family ~ you are not forgotten and are remembered.
May you rest in peace
The question ‘who killed Vincenzo Civitano?’ has remained one of my top family research projects for a number of years now. Murdered on 12 Oct. 1909 in NYC, the name of his assailant is still a mystery but one I am determined to solve.
Initially, myself and my cousin Peter Marino gave it a true gallant try back in 2017 with little head way. Put to rest, I have now taken that 2nd/3rd/4th look at this mystery.
On Monday, June 24th I wrote to NARA (national archives and records administration) and received a reply the very next day; 25th.
Dear Ms. Sabin, I received your email seeking information regarding the homicide of Vincenzo Civitano. The National Archives at New York City holds records of the US federal government and its agencies with offices in New York, New Jersey, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, including the federal courts. However, murder is rarely a federal crime, so we would not hold any records related to Vincenzo Civitano’s death or the subsequent trial. You might try the New York City Municipal Archives as they hold records of the New York City courts, as well as some NYC police records. Court cases are filed under the defendant’s name, so you will, most likely, need to know the name of the person tried for the murder to find court records. I would suggest searching newspaper databases to locate information about this crime and trial. Newspaper databases are available free of charge in most public libraries and can provide information about the crime, as well as any arrest made and the court where the case was held. Best,Kelly
I was not surprised with the reply as Peter and I worked with an archivist at the NYC Municipal Archives, via the net, prior with little information surfacing. I knew already that court documents were filed under the defendant’s name, which is what we don’t have and what we are trying to find but I confirmed that the records I am hoping to find are housed at the Municipal Archives. In searching for records, the one thing I have learned is that it never hurts, in fact it helps to inquire a number of times. The archivist you reach could provide additional information and have more knowledge in what your looking for. They may even dig deeper to help you….you just never know.
With a reminder to post for help on one of the wonderful FB genealogy pages, I posted on New York City Genealogy “Looking for help with a newspaper look up for the year 1909 – Homicide murder of Vincent/Vincenzo Civitano in Manhattan. His death certificate actually reads James Civilano. My goal is try and discover the name of his assailant. This is a case that did go to trial, with a conviction and time was served. Have had no luck locating a record at the municipal archives when in Manhattan a few years back. Court cases are listed under the defendants name and that is my unknown. Any and all help, ideas and suggestions appreciated. TY Sharon in WA state.”
Many members chimed in with suggestions and ideas as well as doing some of their own sluething for me, with no luck. While I was familiar with most of the suggestions and have visited them often, one stood out – the last one. A quick look and I thought I might have struck gold. This site is a wealth of information for all court cases in New York County and if you are doing any research in this area I highly suggest you add this to your site lists for research.
http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org, (New York State Historic Newspapers)
https://fultonsearch.org, (Fulton History.org)
https://lmha-nyc.org, (Lower Manhattan Historical Association)
https://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/special-collections/trial-transcripts (Criminal Transcripts N.Y. County Collection)
With my luck the searchable index was and still is down for maintenance but I was able to get into the ‘long list of 3,369 transcripts’
From the site
“The Lloyd Sealy Library’s The Trial Transcripts of the County of New York 1883 – 1927 collection includes the verbatim typewritten proceedings of 3,326 court cases, held in various courts of New York County, which included Manhattan and The Bronx until 1914. Specifically the transcripts originate from:
- Court of General Sessions 1886-1927 – transcripts #1-3106B
- Supreme Court of New York County 1896 – 1922 – transcripts #3107-3267
- Court of Oyer and Terminer 1886 -1895 – transcripts #3268-3296
- Tribunals in Police Court, City Magistrates Court, Sheriffs Office, Coroner’s Office 1883 – 1907, 1926 -transcripts #3297-3323
- Unspecified Courts 1905, 1914, 1918 – transcripts # 3324-3326
- Incomplete transcripts and unidentifed pages, undated – reels 423-424
- Appeals Bureau of the New York City Criminal Court, Stenographer’s Minutes through 1929 – reel 425
all of the above are searchable on our index – except reels 423-425.”
As with most lists, scrolling for me seems to be difficult in that moving down on the pages I tend to miss a few entries the scrolling is choppy. Undetered, I began looking for murder cases. The first trial date was: Trial #1082 1886/11/22 Defendant: Arthur J. McQuade, Sex: M; Charge: Perjury; with the judge and stenographer # and link to view the full text
So I set off on my task of looking for a case in my time frame. With the murder date of Oct. 12, 1909 and knowing that his wife Nicoletta had remained in New York to testify before she left with her two small children for Italy, she was still here and on the 1910 April census, I began looking for anything pertaining to murder/homicide between those dates – In this post I am highlighting the first 3 cases I found.
Date: 1910/3/21; Reels(s): 148.
Defendant(s): Philip J. Lender, Sex: M; Philip Lender, Sex: M;
Charge(s): Murder (1st degree);
Judge: Thomas C. T. Crain;
Defense Attorney(s): Samuel Feldman; Nathaniel Levy; Bernard L. Mittnick;
Prosecuting Attorney(s): Robert C. McCormick; Henry A. Stickney;
Note(s): Indicted as Philip Lender.
Stenographer Number: 1134; Page(s): 339 p.
Court: Court of General Sessions
This case has possibilities and warrents further investigation. Philip J. Lender (1878 Germany) married Margaret Graynor on July 24, 1898 in NYC. I first found them in the 1900 c with son Phillip Jr. 1 yr and Sallie just born. Philip (22) was as plumber. The date for trial was 3/21/1910 and my guess at this point, by reason of insanity, he was sentenced to Matteawan State Hospital, Insane Asylum, Beacon City, New York, where I found him on the 1910 April 28th census as a patient where he remained until his death on Jan 23, 1940. He was 62. I am not ruling him out as the assailant. I found one researcher on Ancestry who has this family in their tree with little to no information on him but I will reach out to see if I can learn anything further.
Date: 1910/3/7; Reels(s): 147.
Defendant(s): Vincent Stabile, Sex: M;
Charge(s): Murder (1st degree);
Judge: Thomas C. T. Crain;
Defense Attorney(s): Augustin Derby; Herman Joseph;
Prosecuting Attorney(s): Hart; McCormick;
Stenographer Number: 1157; Page(s): 763 p.
Court: Court of General Sessions
Research led to discovering that Vincent Stabile (22) was a college student who shot and killed a man named John Mcgrath. It would be easy to go down many rabbit holes with this research and I had to resist the temptation but from New York Times Archives
“Vincent L. Stabile, a City College student, who shot and killed John McGrath on Sept. 25, 1909, is now a free man. Stabile spent a year and eight months in the Tombs with a charge of murder hanging over his head. He owed his release from the Tombs last week to a point of law raised in his behalf by ex-District Attorney Jerome.”
Date: 1910/4/4; Reels(s): 149.
Defendant(s): Attillo Simone, Sex: M;
Charge(s): Murder (1st degree);
Judge: Warren W. Foster;
Defense Attorney(s): Caesar B. F. Barra;
Prosecuting Attorney(s): Henry A. Stickney;
Stenographer Number: 1175; Page(s): 248 p.
Court: Court of General Sessions
This case caught my eye right away as I have a number of Simone family members in this time period. In fact Vincenzo’s wife, Nicoletta at the time of his death moved in with Vincenzo’s niece Giuditta/Julia Civitano and her husband Vito Simone and their family. Julia’s sister Rosa was married to Vito’s brother Domenico Simone.
It has always been a thought of the possibilty of the assailant been a family member because the family lore is that it was a ice route dispute that led to the killing. Had I stumbled on a connection with this? Sadly no, as the case involved Attillo using a gun to shot his victim. Further research led to these men having two different fathers, which is not to say that their fathers weren’t brothers, but I did not go any further research this.
The rabbit hole did open up when I spotted a case on bigamy for an Ike Lipschitz held on Dec. 17, 1909. While a very common name, I have a number of men on my Jewish side with this name. Add this to my to do list 🙂
The hunt for the killer of Vincenzo Civitano continues…..
Remembering Julia Bianca nee Civitano
29 August 1929 – 24 June 2018
May we never forget and always take time to remember those we hold close to our hearts with love and affection. Julia was a 2nd cousin 1x removed and I had the great blessing of meeting her. She was a remarkable woman and is truly missed by those who knew and loved her. To her immediate family ~ all my love.
Revisiting the homicide of my great grandfather Vincenzo Civitano, the year was 1909 and ice was a commodity very much in demand. Our families business was the ice and coal delivery in those early years and following through the decades until refridgeration became common place. Family lore is that Vincenzo was killed over a delivery route dispute. There was a trial and the assailant went to prison. By 1923 after serving his sentence he had been released. We know this because my grandfather, his son Frank, at the age of 15, had returned from Italy in 1923 to avenge his death. He was talked out of it by his benefactor and Uncle, Frank Civitano (Julia Bianca’s father) who sponsored Frank and his sister Julia’s return from Italy where they were living with their mother Nicoletta and her 2nd husband Nicholas Grisondi in Grumo Appula, Italy.
Photo: New York Public Library
Back in August of 2017 I initiated an email conversation with a clerk at the New York City government records/archives dept. I was looking for help and direction in locating court documents for death/murder for Vincenzo. With the help of Peter Marino, Julia’s grandson we had been working this case for many years. Peter made a huge effort, visiting the archives and following the directions of the archiviest we were working with but with no avail in locating any records. In fact we had been turned over to another department; the interlibrary loans dept. in the hopes of ordering further microfilm to wade through. That connection went unanswered as they never responded to my attempts to correspond. I gave up at that point, putting the search on hold.
Here we are once again, the 1 year anniversary of Julia’s passing and I have re initiated a conversation with New York NARA (national archives and records administration) I thought it might be interesting and fun to follow this process through the blog.
June 24th initial inquiry contact made to be directed to the dept. where I can be helped.
Hello – I hope you can help me or direct me to the correct dept.
I am requesting records and documents pertaining to a court action that occured in the year 1909 – 1910 in Manhattan This is the case of the homicide of my great grandfather
Vincenzo Civitano death certificate recorded under James Civitano #29785
date of death 12 Oct. 1909 Manhattan. Coroner Peter P. Acretelli took charge of the body from New York Hospital on 12 Oct. 1909 – certified penetrating stab wound of the chest Date Received: 8 Dec. 1909 under Vincent Civitano no. 4991 4th quarter I am trying to learn the identity of the assailant. As family, we know that there had been a trial in which his wife Nicoletta Civitano had testified at. The assailant was convicted and sent to prison and was released after time served. Can you help me with this?
THIS IS AN AUTOMATED RESPONSE.
The National Archives at New York City is open to the public at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House at One Bowling Green.
Your request has been received and will be assigned to an archivist for processing. We strive to respond to inquiries within 10 business days, but it may take longer depending on the complexity of the request.
Our research rooms are open Monday through Friday, 10am to 5pm. Access to microfilm and genealogical research on public computers is available during regular business hours and does not require an appointment.
Appointments are necessary to view original records. Researchers must submit a detailed request ahead of time for specific documents and make an appointment to access them. If you wish to make an appointment, please call 212-401-1620 to speak with an archivist.
I have come so far and made great head way with the help of Peter. This brick wall is one that haunts and taunts me continually. I know the answer is out there, it is a mystery I am determined to solve. With some time to rest under my belt, it is time to take another crack at it.